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In this section, the entry of greatest magnitude is that under marasmus, numbering 16,400, or 94 females to 100 males (see the explanation of this term, in the general description of deaths, page 454). 9 7 3 53 58 6 70 21 12 188 9 185 52 85 4 36 2 40 871 660 975 652 1,775 1,758 79 152 1 55 9 8 1 ® 2 10 21 3 3 188 176 7,33 .456 13,761 12,651 It 1S6 179 3 76 58 6 82 21 16 231 11 232 5i 134 208 4 86 3 64 2,180 2,830 1 993 662 4,040 4,324 194 276 196 80 65 5 8 4 67 95 36 9 32 3 57 408 17 153 1,080 712 1,471 1,132 38,596 35,386 M. ■ I’, **“ ™»™* of ‘tese deaths together reith the localities m which they occurred, the population in these localities, the annual averaae mortality per cent., and the average age at which death took place in both males and females. Diseases of the digestive organs were said to have produced death in 26,638 instances, i.e., 89*8 females to 100 males. Connell Mageoghegan, in his vei*sion of the Annals of Clonmacnoise, in 1627, when the language was more gencz’ally undei’stood than now, ti*anslatos the term “the pox, which the Irish called dolor gentiliumf and Doctor O’Donovan, in his more * See the great atlas, “ Om Spedal^ed,” by Drs. But to this certain excep- tions must be made ; — for instance, clergy and medical practitioners, although residing for the most part in healthy localities, are, by their occupations, obliged to spend a portion of their time amongst the abodes of disease, and are daily brought in contact with infectious maladies. Their deaths amounted in 1841 to 91, and in 1851 to 99. The annual average mortality up to the end of 1 845 was 4,944 ; in 1846 the deaths rose to 14,662; in 1847 they reached the great heiplied to man or animals, is that of mange or scaly disease, we find some difficulty in determhung the precise nature of the affection at this distance of time. To work out this question to its full extent two subjects should be borne in mind — the occupation of the individual, and the locality which he inhabits. Clerical — includes the clergy of all denominations, or those specified in the enumeration of the occupations of the living as ministering to religion. : 5,784 under twelvemonths, and 7,067 at the age of 1 and under 5 years. Printed image digitised by the University of Southampton Library Digitisation Unit 488 CENSUS OE IRELAND FOE THE YEAR 1851. Yet, although the mortality was so high, the average age at which death occurred was lower in other districts— viz., the South City and Trinity wards the average being 1 to 6 years old, whereas in Inns-quay wai-d it was 6 to 10. •’7 diseases and localities the same 73,882 deaths described in the foregoing, and from it we learn the distribution and prevalence of disease in one locality compared with another; for example, in the first-class private streets, south side, with a population of 8,232, the n Lber of deaths from of S'S the d 8 “ whilst in Merchants’-qiiay ward, with a population ■ , deaths were 189, or 1 m 113. 17 j Dowling’s Annals, 17 | Mac-Pirbis’ Annals, .... The deaths entered under this head were those chiefly of young chil- dren, viz. F, 375 158 79 27 463 59 ] 342 37 1 150 5,010 1 1,65, 1 8,364 470 276 1 63 10 1 162 68 12 74 561 1, V92 [2,603 [73,982 M.&P. From this we leam that in the first-class streets the annual average mortality was 1 m 132-8 on the south, and 1 in 122-0 on the north side, and m the districts of the Inns-quay ward, 1 in 40-5, the former beino- not only inhabited by the upper classes of the population, but being the best ventilated sewered, and in every respect the best situated localities in the city, whilst the latter has long been acknowledged to contain some of the worst circumstanced streets, and contains a population among whom epidemic seldom ceases to exist. Of that number 6,014 laboured under diseases of the tegumentary system, being, next to the class of zymotic or epidemic diseases, the largest entry for any class of affections in these institutions. Printed image digitised by the University of Southampton Library Digitisation Unit DEAine IS Workhouses. In all future inquiries into the deaths in the workhouses, we may hope for a retm-n more in accordance with the present improved state of pathology. or 1 in 407 of to popidation It mnrf Wz v remembered that the persons living in the former locality, from ’their greater means of obtaining medical advice, were better able to record the cause of death than the poor and comparatively illiterate population of the latter Diseases of t! From the peculiar circumstances of the country, the workhouses have been not merely asylums for the destitute, but immense hospitals for the treatment of disease ; and, therefore, it did not excite surprise that at the time the Census was taken in 1851, the workhouse hospitals of Ireland should con- tain 42,474 patients, as set forth in our Report upon the Status of Disease. These deaths we regis- tered under the head of ulceration. l Tn-s Zu£ diseases of the heart alpne in the second class shop streets on the north side amounted to 63, or 1 in 223 of the population in March, 1861; again in Mer chants -quay ward, the most populous in the city, the number retm-Fed unde; this disease was but 66.
From this we leai-n that 20,964 occurred under 12 months; 46,496, at 1 and under 5 years; 71,116, at 5 and under 15. In that document we read : — “ To form a just and scientific classification of the living according to their modes of life, or the influence they exert upon society by ministering to the wants, necessities, or luxuries of mankind, is a matter of considerable weight and importance ; that of arranging a classifica- tion of deaths by such occupations as would influence .health or longevity, or predispose to particular kinds of disease, epidemic or sporadic, is also a subject of much interest, and one as yet not satisfactorily attained by writers on medi- cine or medical statistics.” As we are not aware of any more extended investigation into the subject of mortality by occupations than that made in the city of Dublin in 1841, we have .
Those of the generative organs were fatal to 304, of which number 165 were women who died in childbirth ; 85 had cancer of the uterus, and 45 other diseases of the female genital organs. 16 50 30 54 1,734 1,497 £■}» 11 8 2 s 2 •7 1 155 156 181 175 9 13 ! to the total mor Wity pf the city for the period over which this inqiiii-y extends, 1 m 2-J, and for their populations in March, 1861, 1 in 14-7.
Diseases of the urinary organs were fatal to 322 persons, 252 males and 70 females. Paul’s wards, embracing a large portion of the district now included in the Inns-quay ward, it was 1 in 40 m tlm former and 1 in 37-8 in the latter, or very nearly the same proportions as on the present occasion. These results of locality, in influencfiig disease and mortality extend throughout the whole class of z/motic dfeases Thus, among the six .psses of streets upon the north and south rides of the city described at page 480, the total deaths from zymotic or contagio S di Lases amounted to ^6o2, or 1 in 3;4 of the total mortality, or 1 in 21-8 of the to'al population, (99,385), at the tune the Census was taken; while in the 15 districts with a population of 168,984, the proportion of deaths from this class of diseases was.
13 I „ Ireland by the Four Masters, The Boot of Leinster, .... Under the head of diseases of the tegumentary system were registered 1,251 deaths, 81 females to 100 males; of which number 909 were classed under ulceration. In the death returns afforded us by “ Form E, 3rd table,” from the workhouses of Ireland, numbers of cases were set forth as having died of “ scald- head,” probably because they were received into hospital for the treatment of that affection, but subsequently died of other diseases. 30 50 49 45 1,331 1,132 4 2 2 5 1 2 132 117 147 131 6 1 1 1 5 . and Tin 32^ metres of the Cirei Ming Organs presented a still larger proportion among the comfortable Jesses ; thus the total amount of deaths from the sti-eets was^39S or 1 m 38-6 of the entire mortality; and in the districts.
There died 1,476 persons, 85-9 females to 100 males, from diseases of the locomotive organs, the most fatal affection among which was rheumatism, 779, viz., 87'7 males to 100 females. persons were returned as labouring under ulceration, and 2,012 as affected with scald-head. ^ ^ Diseases of the Brain ani Nervous System, however, showed a different m-o- thus, compared with the general mortality, this class of affection w L 1 m S 4 in the streets, and 1 m 6-4 in the districts— and with their populations hf to Jat Sr 1 “ “ ‘1*6 former.